id u dulidIlid jikkonsisti minn stokk ta oetti li

Ġid u dħul

Ġid

Il-ġid jikkonsisti minn stokk ta ‘oġġetti li għandhom valur tal-flus. Dan jinkludi tali assi bħala art, djar, fabbriki, ħwienet, magni u ħafna tipi ta ‘possedimenti personali.

Ġid privat

Dan jiddeskrivi l-possedimenti ta ‘individwi. Ovvjament jinkludi art, djar, xogħlijiet ta ‘arti, ġojjelli, karozzi, u l-bqija. Il-ġid privat jinkludi wkoll assi finanzjarji bħal noti u muniti, depożiti bankarji, depożiti tas-soċjetà tal-bini u ishma tal-kumpanija.

Ġid soċjali

Dan jikkonsisti f’dawk l-assi li huma proprjetà tal-Komunità kollha (I.E. mill-gvern ċentrali u lokali). Dan jinkludi affarijiet bħal toroq, sptarijiet, skejjel, parks u libreriji.

National Wealth.

Din hija s-somma tal-ġid kollu li għandu ċ-ċittadini ta ‘pajjiż, kemm jekk huwa proprjetà privata jew pubblikament.

Dħul

Billi l-ġid huwa ħażna ta ‘assi li għandhom valur tal-flus, id-dħul huwa fluss ta’ flus.

Id-dħul jirreferi għall-ammont ta ‘flus miksuba jew riċevuti matul perjodu partikolari ta’ żmien – ġeneralment sena. Individwu jista ‘jirċievi dħul f’diversi forom, bħal pagi, salarji, imgħax fuq l-iffrankar, kera mill-pussess ta’ proprjetà, profitti fuq ishma, jew ħlasijiet tas-sigurtà soċjali.

Id-differenza bażika bejn id-dħul u l-ġid hija dik
Dħul huwa fluss ta ‘flus riċevuti matul perjodu partikolari ta’ żmien, filwaqt li,
Il-ġid huwa stokk ta ‘assi li għandhom xi ftit fil-ħin.

Kif in-nies għandhom il-ġid tagħhom, ir-Renju Unit, 1986.
Abitazzjonijiet, netti mid-dejn tal-ipoteki.
Oġġetti tal-konsumatur durabbli.
Assi oħra.
Bini Ishma tas-Soċjetà.
Tifdil nazzjonali, depożiti bankarji, flus kontanti, eċċ.
Ħażniet u ishma.
Assi finanzjarji oħra E.G. Azjendi fil-fondi għall-pensjoni u l-assigurazzjoni tal-ħajja.

Sors: Xejriet Soċjali, HMSO, 1988.

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Wealth and income

Wealth

Wealth consists of a stock of goods which have a money value. It includes such assets as land, houses, factories, shops, machines and many kinds of personal possessions.

Private wealth

This describes the possessions of individuals. It will obviously include land, houses, works of art, jewellery, motor cars, and so on. Private wealth also includes financial assets such as notes and coin, bank deposits, building society deposits and company shares.

Social wealth

This consists of those assets owned by the community as a whole (i.e. by central and local government). It includes such things as roads, hospitals, schools, parks and libraries.

National wealth

This is the sum of all the wealth possessed by the citizens of a country, whether it is privately owned or publicly owned.

Income

Whereas wealth is a stock of assets which have a money value, income is a flow of money.

Income refers to the amount of money earned or received during a given period of time – usually one year. An individual may receive income in various forms, such as wages, salaries, interest on savings, rent from the ownership of property, profits on shares, or social security payments.

The basic difference between income and wealth is that
Income is a flow of money received during a given period of time, while,
Wealth is a stock of assets owned at some moment in time.

How people hold their wealth, UK, 1986.
Dwellings, net of mortgage debt.
Durable consumer goods.
Other assets.
Building society shares.
National savings, bank deposits, cash, etc.
Stocks and shares.
Other financial assets e.g. holdings in pension and life assurance funds.

Source: Social Trends, HMSO, 1988.

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Ingcebo nemali engenayo

Ingcebo

Ingcebo iqukethe isitoko sezimpahla ezinenani lemali. Kubandakanya amafa anjengomhlaba, izindlu, amafektri, izitolo, imishini nezinhlobo eziningi zempahla yomuntu siqu.

Ingcebo yangasese

Lokhu kuchaza impahla yabantu. Ngokusobala kuzobandakanya umhlaba, izindlu, imisebenzi yobuciko, ubucwebe, izimoto zezimoto, nokunye. Ingcebo yangasese ifaka nezimpahla zezimali ezinjengamanothi nohlamvu lwemali, idiphozithi yasebhange, amadiphozithi wokwakha amadiphozi namasheya enkampani kanye namasheya enkampani.

Ingcebo yezenhlalo

Lokhu kuqukethe lezo zimpahla eziphethwe ngumphakathi wonke (i.e. Ngohulumeni wasekhaya nowasekhaya). Kubandakanya izinto ezinjengomgwaqo, izibhedlela, izikole, amapaki nemitapo yolwazi.

Umcebo kazwelonke

Lesi yisamba sayo yonke ingcebo ephethwe yizakhamizi zezwe, noma ngabe ziphethwe ngasese noma zingokwenyama.

Imali engenayo

Kanti ingcebo iyisitoko sezimpahla ezinenani lemali, imali engenayo ingukugeleza kwemali.

Imali engenayo ibhekisa kwinani lemali etholwe noma etholwe ngesikhathi esithile – imvamisa ngonyaka. Umuntu othile angathola imali ngezindlela ezahlukahlukene, njengeholo, amaholo, inzalo kokonga, ukuqasha ubunikazi bendawo, inzuzo kumasheya, noma izinkokhelo zokuphepha komphakathi.

Umehluko oyisisekelo phakathi kwemali engenayo nengcebo ukuthi
Imali engenayo ingukugeleza kwemali etholwe ngesikhathi esithile, ngenkathi,
Ingcebo isitoko sezimpahla eziphethwe ngumzuzwana ngesikhathi esithile.

Abantu ababamba ngayo ingcebo yabo, i-UK, 1986.
Izindlu, inetha lesikweletu semalimboleko.
Izimpahla zabathengi ezihlala isikhathi eside.
Ezinye izimpahla.
Umphakathi wokwakha uhlanganyela.
Ukonga Kazwelonke, Amadiphozithi Ebhange, Imali, njll.
Amasheya namasheya.
Ezinye izimpahla zezezimali e.g. Ukubamba ngempesheni kanye nezimali zokuqinisekisa impilo.

Umthombo: Izitayela zenhlalo, HMSO, 1988.

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Rykdom en inkomste

Rykdom

Welvaart bestaan ​​uit ‘n voorraad goedere wat ‘n geldwaarde het. Dit sluit in sulke bates as grond, huise, fabrieke, winkels, masjiene en baie soorte persoonlike besittings.

Privaat rykdom

Dit beskryf die besittings van individue. Dit sal natuurlik land, huise, kunswerke, juweliersware, motors, motors, ensovoorts insluit. Privaat rykdom sluit ook finansiële bates in soos aantekeninge en muntstukke, bankdeposito’s, bouvereniging deposito’s en maatskappy aandele.

Sosiale rykdom

Dit bestaan ​​uit die bates wat deur die gemeenskap besit word as ‘n geheel (dws deur sentrale en plaaslike regering). Dit sluit sulke dinge in as paaie, hospitale, skole, parke en biblioteke.

Nasionale Wealth

Dit is die som van al die rykdom wat deur die burgers van ‘n land besit word, of dit privaat besit of in die openbaar besit word.

Inkomste

Terwyl rykdom ‘n voorraad bates is wat ‘n geldwaarde het, is inkomste ‘n vloei van geld.

Inkomste verwys na die bedrag geld wat gedurende ‘n gegewe tydperk verdien of ontvang is – gewoonlik een jaar. ‘N Individu kan inkomste in verskillende vorme ontvang, soos lone, salarisse, rente op spaargeld, huur van die eienaarskap van eiendom, winste op aandele, of sosiale sekerheidsbetalings.

Die basiese verskil tussen inkomste en rykdom is dat
Inkomste is ‘n vloei van geld wat gedurende ‘n gegewe tydperk ontvang is, terwyl,
Rykdom is ‘n voorraad van bates wat op ‘n oomblik in die tyd besit word.

Hoe mense hul rykdom, die Verenigde Koninkryk, 1986 hou.
Wonings, netto van verbandskuld.
Duurbare verbruikersgoedere.
Ander bates.
Bouvereniging aandele.
Nasionale spaargeld, bankdeposito’s, kontant, ens.
Effekte en aandele.
Ander finansiële bates bv. Holdings in pensioen- en lewensversekeringsfondse.

Bron: Sosiale tendense, HMSO, 1988.

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Pasuria dhe të ardhurat

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