Ilwaqga talAfganistan falliment epika galinaKredit

Il-waqgħa tal-Afganistan: falliment epika għalina?
Kreditu tar-Ritratti: AP

Il-veloċità li biha t-Taliban ħa l-Afganistan wara t-tluq tat-truppi ta ‘l-Istati Uniti ħadet il-komunità internazzjonali b’sorpriża. Filwaqt li, ftit kienu qed jiddubita l-emerġenza mill-ġdid tat-Taliban fl-Afganistan ewlieni wara t-tluq tat-truppi tal-Istati Uniti mill-pajjiż, il-komunità internazzjonali hija xokk u se tfittex tweġibiet għall-aħħar żviluppi li jseħħu. Ħafna mistoqsijiet naraw. It-terroristi tal-port tat-Taliban? L-Afganistan se jkun theddida għall-punent? Kif se setgħat oħra, l-aktar iċ-Ċina u r-Russja, ikunu interpretati l-Istati Uniti “impenn” fl-Afganistan?

Id-dinja diplomatika diġà ġiet iffurmata. Il-Kunsill tas-Sigurtà tan-NU talab għal laqgħa urġenti, filwaqt li l-Kumitat Politiku u ta ‘Sigurtà tal-UE se jiltaqa’ llum ukoll, bi pjanijiet għal laqgħa ta ‘affarijiet barranin qed jiġu ffinalizzati.

Il-waqgħa drammatika ta ‘l-Afganistan ġibdet paralleli mal-waqgħa ta’ Saigon fis-snin sebgħin. Filwaqt li l-waqgħa ta ‘Saigon ġie kkawżat mill-avvanz tat-truppi Vjetnamiżi tat-Tramuntana, u l-istaff tal-ambaxxata kellu jiġi evakwat mill-ħelikopters, l-evakwazzjoni tal-Ambaxxata tal-Istati Uniti ġiet ikkawżata mill-avvanz tat-Taliban wara t-tluq tat-truppi tal-Istati Uniti.

Dan qed jiġi interpretat minn ħafna fil-komunità internazzjonali bħala falliment epika tal-politika barranija tal-Istati Uniti. Wara li nefqet biljuni ta ‘dollari, għadd ta’ mwiet fuq iż-żewġ naħat fuq 20 sena, l-Istati Uniti dehru li ma kinux kisbu xejn minkejja l-flurry tal-kummenti mill-amministrazzjoni tal-Istati Uniti.

Hemm ħafna lezzjonijiet li għandhom jittieħdu minn din l-esperjenza ta ’20 sena.

L-ewwel – L-ebda setgħa barranija qatt irnexxielu jirbħu l-Afganistan. It-terren muntanjuż u d-dinamiċi tribali jagħmluha diffiċli ħafna għal kwalunkwe setgħa barranija biex tiddeċiedi suprema. Ir-Russja għandha esperjenza morra ta ’10 snin.

It-tieni – Ir-rwol tal-Pakistan fl-affarijiet Afgani jeħtieġ li jiġi investigat sew. Għandu jkun hemm konsegwenzi għall-aġenziji Pakistani li kemmxejn dgħajfu l-komunità internazzjonali.

It-tielet – huwa immorali u etiku għal setgħa barranija li tidħol fil-militarment, timponi s-sistema tagħha u mbagħad iħallu l-pajjiż biex iġib miegħu għalih innifsu. Ħafna Afgani ttamat li pajjiżhom ikun stabbli, u post fejn it-togħma tal-libertà hija żgurata u gawdiet għal dejjem. Barra minn hekk, huwa etiku li jinvolvi l-lokal imbagħad ħallihom fil-ħniena tagħhom fejn l-għajxien tagħhom jista ‘jkun mhedded.

Ir-Raba ‘- Il-kwistjoni Afganistan se jiġu studjati għas-snin li ġejjin, kemm f’termini tal-falliment epika tagħha u l-allegati “impenn” tal-politika barranija Istati Uniti.

Il-President Afgan Ashraf Ghani ħarab il-pajjiż, il-militar sparixxa f’ħowf, filwaqt li t-Taliban installa ruħu fil-Palazz Presidenzjali. M’għadux ir-Repubblika Iżlamika tal-Afganistan; Id-dinja jkollha tiffaċċja l-Emirat Islamiku ta ‘l-Afganistan minn issa.

Se jkun hemm reverberations madwar id-dinja ma ‘jespliċitaw ta’ attività diplomatika. Dan kollu jiddependi issa dwar kif se jaġixxi t-Taliban.

Il-mistoqsija tibqa ‘: Il-komunità internazzjonali qatt titgħallem?

https://theJournal.mt/the-fall-of-afghanistan-an-epic-us-failure/

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The Fall of Afghanistan: An epic US failure?
Photo credit: AP

The speed by which the Taliban has taken over Afghanistan following the US’s troops departure has taken the international community by surprise. While, few were doubting the re-emergence of the Taliban in leading Afghanistan following the departure of US troops from the country, the international community is in shock and will be seeking answers to the latest developments taking place. Many questions abound. Will the Taliban harbour terrorists? Will Afghanistan be a threat to the West? How will other powers, mainly China and Russia, be interpreting the US ‘commitment’ in Afghanistan?

The diplomatic world has already been set in motion. The UN Security Council has called for an urgent meeting, while the EU’s Political and Security Committee will be meeting today as well, with plans for a Foreign Affairs meeting being finalised.

Afghanistan’s dramatic fall has drawn parallels with the fall of Saigon in the 1970s. While the fall of Saigon was triggered by the advancement of North Vietnamese troops, and embassy staff had to be evacuated by helicopters, the evacuation of the US embassy was triggered by the advancement of the Taliban after the departure of US troops.

This is being interpreted by many in the international community as an epic US foreign policy failure. After having spent billions of dollars, countless deaths on both sides over 20 years, the US seemed not to have achieved anything despite the flurry of comments from the US administration.

There are many lessons to be drawn from this 20-year experience.

First – no foreign power has ever managed to conquer Afghanistan. It’s mountainous terrain and the tribal dynamics make it very difficult for any foreign power to rule supreme. Russia has a 10-year bitter experience.

Secondly – Pakistan’s role in Afghan affairs needs to be investigated thoroughly. There should be consequences for Pakistani Agencies who somewhat undermined the international community.

Thirdly – It is immoral and unethical for a foreign power to engage militarily, impose its system and then leave the country to fend for itself. Many Afghans hoped that their country would one day be stable, and a place where the taste of freedom is secured and enjoyed forever. Additionally, it is unethical to engage locals then leave them at their mercy where their livelihoods could be threatened.

Fourth – The Afghanistan issue will be studied for years to come, both in terms of its epic failure and the supposed ‘commitment’ of US foreign policy.

The Afghan President Ashraf Ghani fled the country, the military disappeared in a whiff, while the Taliban have installed themselves in the Presidential Palace. It is no longer the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan; the world would have to face the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan as from now.

There will be reverberations across the globe with a spell of diplomatic activity. It all depends now on how the Taliban will act.

The question remains: will the international community ever learn?

The Fall of Afghanistan: An epic US failure?

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Ukuwa kwe-Afghanistan: Ukwehluleka kwe-Epic US?
Isikweletu sesithombe: AP

Ijubane lapho iTaliban ithathe khona i-Afghanistan kulandela ukuhamba kwamasosha ase-US kuthathe umphakathi wamazwe omhlaba ngokumangala. Ngenkathi, bambalwa ababengangabaza ukuvela kabusha kweTaliban ekuholeni i-Affghanistan kulandela ukuhamba kwamasosha aseMelika avela ezweni, umphakathi wamazwe omhlaba uthintwe futhi uzofuna izimpendulo zentuthuko yakamuva eyenzeka. Iningi imibuzo ichichima. Ngabe ama-taliban azothwala amaphekula? Ngabe i-Afghanistan izoba usongo entshonalanga? Amanye amandla, ikakhulukazi amaChina neRussia, ahumushele ukuzibophezela kwe-US ‘e-Afghanistan?

Umhlaba wezombusazwe usuvele usethelwe. UMkhandlu Wezokuphepha E-UN ucele umhlangano ophuthumayo, kanti iKomidi le-EU lase-EU nelokulola lizohlangana nanamuhla, nezinhlelo zokuphothulwa umhlangano wakwamanye amazwe.

Ukuwa okumangazayo kwe-Afghanistan kuthandwe ngokufana nokuwa kweSaigon ngawo-1970. Ngenkathi ukuwa kukaSaigon kudalulwe ukuthuthuka kwamasosha aseVietnam, futhi abasebenzi base-Embassy kwadingeka bakhishwe ama-Embassy ase-US, kwadalwa ukuthuthuka kweTaliban ngemuva kokuhamba kwamasosha ase-US.

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